Mild myopia is one of the most common eye disorders, and there are many options for correcting it. Because people with high myopia are at increased risk for developing cataracts, glaucoma, and myopic macular degeneration, managing myopia can help maintain eye health. Because increasing myopia leads to a higher risk of severe eye conditions, specifically trained optometrists now exist in myopia management who are capable of providing effective treatments.
High myopia causes more serious visual impairments, as well as increases your risk for severe eye conditions, such as glaucoma, cataracts, and retinal detachment. Having high myopia, also known as hypermyopia, may increase the risk for some eye conditions, which may result in reduced vision or blindness. Known as pathological myopia, degenerative myopia results in a very high degree of myopia.
Myopia, or shortsightedness, can be diagnosed by eye examinations performed by either an optometrist or ophthalmologist. Both high and degenerative myopia can be diagnosed during eye exams, and they should be monitored and treated according to the instructions of the eye physician.
If you or your child has any symptoms of myopia, please schedule a comprehensive eye exam with your nearest eye doctor. Contact your vision therapy eye doctor near you to begin treatment for a myopia-management plan for your child. The good news is with regular eye exams, vision therapy, and myopia management, your child could have regained their clear vision, and at the same time, reduce the risk of developing a myopia-related ocular disorder. If left untreated, complications of high myopia can result in blindness, which is why regular eye exams are crucial.
These complications can cause permanent vision impairment, making myopia the sixth most common cause of vision loss. Adults also may develop myopia, often as a result of stress from visual tasks or a medical condition. Myopia can also become a major issue as an adult, either due to visual stress or various health conditions, such as diabetes. These eye diseases become more common with increasing levels of myopia.
Myopia can be corrected with eyeglasses or corrected contacts, and is noted by the doctors optical prescription with a negative mark, like -1.00 or -2.25. Treatments for myopia include spectacles, eyedrops, contact lenses (orthokeratology or soft multifocal contacts), binocular vision training, and exposure to light and outdoors.
If you have myopia and wear contact lenses, or you have another eye problem, the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) recommends seeing your eye doctor every year. If you have myopia or another eye condition, it is important to get regular eye exams to keep track of your prescription in case it changes, and check for any serious eye conditions.
If you are having trouble seeing things clearly from far away (distance blurring) loud enough to make it difficult for you to do a task well, or if your quality of vision is hampering your enjoyment of activities, visit your eye doctor. An eye with myopia has some trouble with the same-type focusing of light. As a result, light entering the eye does not focus properly, which makes distant objects look fuzzy.
A myopic person is able to see well at a specific distance (the furthest outpoint of the eye), but objects placed outside this range appear fuzzy. Myopic individuals are short-sighted, meaning that they see well at close range, but find it difficult to see objects at distance. With nearsightedness (myopia), the focus point is ahead of the retina, making distant objects look fuzzy. Myopia is an inability to see distant objects clearly, unless they are relatively close to the eyes.
Nearsightedness (myopia) occurs when your eyes form causes your light rays to slant (refract) wrongly, which causes images to be focused ahead of the retina rather than onto it.
Myopia may thicken the front of the eye (the cornea) and/or elongate your retina (axial elongation). In addition to diminishing your vision, it changes the physical structure of your eyes.
Myopia occurs when your eyes get too long (axial length), or your corneas and/or eye lenses are curved too far out of line with your eyeballs length. The condition occurs when the eyes fail to bend light properly, making objects far away seem fuzzy, whereas things close by are sharp. Rarely, myopia may occur if the cornea is too short, as well as the lenses within the eyes. When the ball of your eye is too long, or your cornea – your eyes protective outer layer – is too curved, light entering the eye will not focus properly.
Your cornea and lens work together to bend the light onto the retina, which is why you see well. Light rays come into your eyes, are focused precisely on your retina by your cornea and lens, resulting in a sharp, crisp picture.
In a nonmyopia eye, the light is focused on the retinal surface, with an image transmitted to the brain through the optic nerve. Myopia, also known as myopia and myopia, is an eye condition where light is focused ahead of, rather than onto, the retina. Myopia, also known as nearsightedness, is a visual condition where objects near your eyes are seen clearly, while objects further away seem blurred.
Myopia, or nearsightedness, is an eye condition caused by refractive errors, making distant objects appear fuzzy or blurry. A myopic eye concentrates an image at the front of the retina, rather than directly at the retina, which causes fuzzy vision of far-away objects. With nighttime myopia, the reduced light makes it hard for your eyes to properly focus.
If you are an adult and experience sudden nearsightedness, drifting (sort of like spots floating across the visual field), bright or shadowy flashes, or a sudden decrease in your eyesight, see your eye doctor right away to rule out more serious health conditions. For adults only (with rare exceptions for children), several types of refractive surgery are available to also correct myopia. Kraff Eye Institute is confident that nearsightedness-reversing LASIK and another procedure called photorefractive keratectomy are the most common surgical options when it comes to treating myopia, but not everyone qualifies for the surgeries.